The craniomandibular system consists of the teeth of the upper and lower jaw, the masticatory muscles, the temporomandibular joints, the

cranial bones and the cervical spine. The most important functions of the craniomandibular system are chewing and

speaking. In the broadest sense, however, all movements of the head can also be included.

We refer to disorders in this system as craniomandibular dysfunction (CMD). CMD refers to all painful and

non-painful complaints, which can be attributed to structural, functional, biochemical and psychological dysregulation

of muscle and/or temporomandibular joint dysfunction.

Symptoms of CMD often manifest themselves in the dental area (see indications)


Masticatory muscle pain (myalgia, myopathy)

Temporomandibular joint pain (arthralgia, arthropathy)

Noises of the temporomandibular joint (cracking)

Toothache, tooth hypersensitivity, tooth loosening and tooth migration

Headaches and facial pain

Irritations in the ear area (e.g. tinnitus, dizziness)

Irritation of the eyes (e.g. visual disturbances),

Irritations in the throat area (e.g. difficulty swallowing, voice changes)

Numbness in arms and fingers

Complaints in the area of the cervical spine and neck, up to the shoulder joints


In principle, the treatment of CMD should not be considered solely from a dental perspective, but also from a

interdisciplinary medical approach. Effective ways of positively influencing the symptoms of

CMD, physiotherapeutic measures such as cold, heat, special massages and movement exercises are used.

The treatment of craniomandibular dysfunctions requires specialised knowledge of anatomy and treatment techniques, of

which we have at ateré. The applications are partly carried out inside the mouth using special techniques and aim to

alleviate the symptoms.

We work closely with dentists and orthodontists to optimise the success of the treatment.

Another treatment option is the insertion of a removable occlusal splint (occlusal splint) made of

Plastic to favourably influence the position of the temporomandibular joint and relieve the chewing system. This splint is usually

made by a dentist or orthodontist.

The splint brings the lower jaw into a new position and reduces the overactivity of the chewing muscles. In addition

a splint relieves pressure on the temporomandibular joints. The high success rate of splint therapy has been well documented in studies.